Download Protection, Control, and Accounting of Nuclear Materials by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, PDF

By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Christopher Eldridge

ISBN-10: 0309097118

ISBN-13: 9780309097116

ISBN-10: 0309552230

ISBN-13: 9780309552233

The U.S. and Russian academies convened a workshop in 2003 for sharing most sensible practices in nuclear fabrics defense, regulate, and accounting (MPC&A), together with the prestige and alertness of distant tracking applied sciences, group of workers matters, and either nationwide and foreign safeguards world wide. The pursuits of the workshop have been to spot parts within which the us and Russia can advertise top practices in MPC&A globally and extend U.S.-Russian cooperation on nuclear non-proliferation. The papers offered within the workshop and the results of workshop discussions shape the root for this workshop summary.

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Protection, Control, and Accounting of Nuclear Materials

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Extra resources for Protection, Control, and Accounting of Nuclear Materials

Example text

Nuclear safeguards activities, for example, entail substantial amounts of time spent searching for errors. Human culture issues are also important for physical security, as demonstrated by incidents of illicit nuclear trafficking. For these and other reasons, van Dassen argued, it is of paramount importance that the nuclear work force is educated about its responsibilities in mitigating the dangers of nuclear proliferation and well trained to carry out those responsibilities effectively. Several issues must be addressed, however, in the course of creating a welltrained nuclear work force.

DAE has also developed technical measures for physical protection, including an access control and delay system; access control for personnel and for nuclear materials; surveillance, intrusion, detection, and alarm systems; training on operation and maintenance of security systems; technical reviews to address obsolescence issues; and reviews and audits of physical protection systems to ensure that they are functioning properly and maintained appropriately. Raghuraman reported that a review of security systems and procedures took place after the terrorist attacks of September 2001, and that DAE determined that the old approach to security was no longer valid.

Culture, in Koupriyanova’s view, is a set of values and moral standards which are fundamental to an individual and to how he or she adheres to performance requirements, procedures, and facility policies. There have been no systematic studies of the cultural component of safeguards to date. Values are standards and principles that govern attitudes and behaviors. All workers in a nuclear facility must share the same values with regard to the proper operation of the facility equipment, especially upholding the basic tenet that safeguards must never be compromised.

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Protection, Control, and Accounting of Nuclear Materials by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Christopher Eldridge


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