By Dr. Milena Stavrić, Dr. Predrag à iđanin, Dr. Bojan Tepavčević (auth.)
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These models can be quite charming because of the freedom in the project presentation and the freedom of expression in the use of colour, structure and material. Models are useful in the selection of an object's structural systems or the analysis of other object characteristics (Fig. 6). 7). 49 ARCHITECTURAL SCALE MODELS IN THE DIGITAL AGE Fig. 4 Selecting adequate planning strategies Fig. ) . This is city or spatial planning, where viewing of a wider area can be very difficult. g. ) to a specific scale, these scale models also use contour lines, becoming relief 50 3 The use oj scale models in architecture maps that show the planned land levelling, as well as the existing vegetation and the planned landscaping, the level of flooding (if there is a river), etc.
However, if objects are large in terms of surface and size, then the scale is smaller (1:200 or 1:250). Exhibition models are made of quality, durable materials, with much more detailing and often finished more realistically. They define many object characteristics and even the context in which structures are positioned (the so-called site scale models), with roads, parking lots, ground floor solutions and landscaping solutions (Fig. 23). If objects are placed on inclined lots, then the relevant contour lines are also included.
Pier Luigi Nervi became famous in the sixties with his ribbed concrete structures, prefabricated halls and stadiums. He found the inspiration for his structures in the organic forms whose supporting structures follow the lines of forces. In the description for the ribbed ceiling of the Gatti Wool Factory, Nervi says: "The arrangement of the ribs correspond to the isostatics of the main point in a system subject to stress" . Felix Candela, a Spanish engineer, is another one of the major constructors of this period, who tried to demonstrate the great potential of curved concrete shells by using hyperbolic paraboloids (Fig.
Architectural Scale Models in the Digital Age: Design, Representation and Manufacturing by Dr. Milena Stavrić, Dr. Predrag à iđanin, Dr. Bojan Tepavčević (auth.)