By John B. Wolf
Traditionally, terrorist bands working in rural or city parts use vio lence to solid themselves as a valid political strength. Necklacing, plac ing an oil-soaked tire round the neck of an informer after which igniting it, and knee-capping, positioning a handgun in the back of the kneecap of a "tout" (a police informer) after which squeezing the set off, are one of the enforcement equipment utilized by clandestine teams to manage "revo lutionary justice." Necklacing is utilized by the African nationwide Con gress (A.N.C.). Knee-capping is a conventional Irish Republican military (I. R. A.) tactic. Governments usually lend credibility to the terrorists' declare of legitimacy through no longer imposing measures meant to extirpate them. often, democratic societies worry that inflexible keep an eye on measures pose a probability to civil liberties. Reluctant to maneuver, a democracy is usually ham strung through terrorists bent on manipulating its values. A media crusade, meant to mobilize public opinion opposed to the terrorists and garner mass help for the govt. and its regulate measures, is the linchpin of any antiterrorist crusade. Centralized intelligence-gathering is one other crucial part. Terrorism, while it turns into a standard crusade of bombings and different atrocities, isn't any longer an issue for simply the police and the military. the complete society is affected. for instance, all teams comprising the multi ethnic popu- vii viii PREFACE tion of Sri Lanka and South Africa are shortly uncovered to the fear ist threat.
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A. has revealed that the faction that won the struggle fell under the more centralized control of a group expressing itself in the hardline rhetoric of traditional Soviet agitprop (agitational propaganda or disinformation intended to inflame). A. to destabilize Turkey-a member of NATO and the only strong pro-Western power on the southern border of the Soviet Union. , was linked to a fatal automobile accident that took place in northern Syria in 1982. This incident revealed that the victim extricated from the wreck had studied for seven years at the University of Yerevan in Soviet Armenia.
FBI Arrests 2 Libyan Students," The New York Times, May 10, 1984, p. 3. 19. ), November 25,1987, p. 3. STATE-DIRECTED TERRORIST SQUADS 39 20. ), January 5, 1982, pp. 12-20. 21. John B. Wolf, "Suriname: Qaddafi's Latin America Training Ground," NelL' York City Tribune, February 25, 1986, p. 2. 22. "Iranian Savs Secret Agency Isn't Like Savak under Shah," The New York Times, June 1, 1981, p. 2. 23. Ernest Holsendolph, "8 Iranians with Rifles Are Seized at Baltimore Airport," The New York Times, November 17, 1979, p.
31. I. Harassed Puerto Rico Independence Groups," The Nec(' York Times, November 22, 1977, p. 26. 32. Nicholas M. I. Asserts Cuba Aided Weathermen," The NelL' York Times, October 9, 1977, p. 1. 33. " l'viollthly ReI'iew, July-August, 1967, pp. 47-58. 34. Robert D. N. Puerto Rican Terrorists Suspected in New Year Bombings," The Nt'll, York Times, January 2, 1983, p. 1. 35. Robert D. S. Inquiry on Links among Terrorist Groups," The Nel(' York Times, October 25,1981, p. 40. 36. Clyde Haberman, "A Soviet-Type Rifle Tied to Bus Ambush," The New York Times, December 6, 1979, p.
Antiterrorist Initiatives by John B. Wolf