By Navin G. Ashar, Kiran R. Golwalkar
This severe quantity offers useful insights on sulfuric acid and similar plant layout and on innovations to enhance and improve considerably the potency of an present plant via small transformations. The publication offers readers with a greater knowing of the state-of-art in sulfuric acid manufacture in addition to, importantly, within the manufacture of value-added items according to sulfur which are additionally linked to the manufacture of sulfuric acid. total, engineers and plant managers should be brought to applied sciences for making their sulfuric acid organisations extra efficient, remunerative, and environmentally pleasant. A useful advisor to the Manufacture of Sulfuric Acid, Oleums, and Sulfonating Agents covers sulfuric acid and by-product chemical plant information from the nuts-and-bolts point to a holistic viewpoint according to genuine box event. The publication is quintessential to an individual occupied with imposing a sulfuric acid or similar chemical plant.
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Extra info for A Practical Guide to the Manufacture of Sulfuric Acid, Oleums, and Sulfonating Agents
2 Detailed Account of Sulfonating Agents 41 In India the first commercial production started with a 100 TPY plant in the early 1960s. Nevertheless, the production rapidly increased to 1,500 TPY by the late 1960s. During the 1970s the production and consumption kept up with an annual growth rate of 10%. In 1979 the production reached a level of 15,000 TPY. However, the phenomenal growth in consumption during the 1980s has reached a monthly demand level of 4,000 TPM and, with the production being erratic, scarcity conditions prevailed.
Availability of maintenance facilities and requisite spares. Due to the high cost of energy prevalent almost everywhere, it will be found that cogeneration facilities installed in a sulfuric acid plant will pay for themselves in a short period of time. ) and earn considerable revenue too. It is thus clear that cogeneration improves the economic profitability of a sulfuric acid plant, and by contributing power to the main grid can reduce the load on local generating stations. In the case of thermal power plants operating on sulfurcontaining fuels, this can reduce atmospheric pollution since the quantity of pollutants released per MWH generation is less in the case of a sulfuric acid plant than a thermal power plant.
Initially air preheaters (for recovering heat from hot gases between converter passes) were provided. The preheated air was fed to a furnace and the heat was recovered by a waste heat boiler installed after the furnace. However, it was found to have the following disadvantages: 1. A high furnace temperature requiring greater thickness of refractory lining and causing difficulty in operating at higher than 8% SO2. 2. Higher pressure drops on the gas side causing higher power consumption by the blower.
A Practical Guide to the Manufacture of Sulfuric Acid, Oleums, and Sulfonating Agents by Navin G. Ashar, Kiran R. Golwalkar